North Star Academy

Reshaping the future

Read Write Inc Phonic support


At Woodstock School we follow a phonic programme called 'Read, Write Inc.' 
Read Write Inc. programmes, developed by Ruth Miskin, provide a whole-school approach to teaching literacy for 4- 11-year-olds to create fluent readers, confident speakers and willing writers.

The information on this page will explain the phonics teaching that your child  receives at school during their time at Woodstock.
You will also find information on how you can help support their phonic development at home.
If you need clarification or would like to know more about our phonics teaching, please make an appointment to speak with one of the teachers.

Set 1 Speed Sounds

Before your child can start to read they need to learn to:

  • say the sound that is represented by each letter or group of letters
  • sound out the word, e.g. c-a-t, sh-o-p, s-t-r-ee-t

What are speed sounds?

In Read Write Inc. phonics, the individual sounds are called ‘speed sounds’. This is because we want your child to read them effortlessly, ‘at speed’.

During this year, your child will be taught the sounds below by sight. They will then learn how to blend them together to read words e.g. c-a-t à cat.

Speed Sounds Set 1

m, a, s, d, t, i, n, p, g, o, c, k, u, b, f, e, l, h, sh, r, j, v, y, w, th, z, ch, qu, x, ng, nk

What are ‘green’ words?

Every speed sound has a list of green words linked to it, so your child can ‘fred talk’ and ‘sound blend’ words containing the new speed sound they have just learnt, for example d-a-d à dad. They look like this:

The dots under each letter represent the remind children to sound each individual sound first, then blend them to say the word.

What are ‘red’ words?

They can be thought of as the tricky words because you can’t ‘sound them out’ to read them. These words are common words that appear often in reading and need to be learnt by sight. We practise these words as part of our daily phonic session.

Activities to do at home together…

You will need a pack of Set 1 Speed Sound cards (see resources for home – Set 1 sound mat)

Practise Set 1 ‘speed sounds’

When you practise the Speed Sounds, you either have to stretch it or bounce it.

Practising the stretchy speed sound m

  • look at the picture side - stretch mmmmountain
  • stretch the sound and say the phrase Maisie, mountain, mountain
  • repeat the phrase mmmmountain. Maisie, mountain, mountain
  • look at the letter side - say m (as sound)
  • green words – if your child has been sent home with some green words, encourage them to use "fred" talk to read the words.

Practising the bouncy speed sound ‘t’

  • look at the picture side - bounce the sound and say t-t-t
  • bounce the sound and say the phrase t-t-t, Down the tower, across the tower
  • repeat the phrase t, Down the tower, across the tower
  • look at the letter side - say t (as sound)
  • green words – if your child has been sent home with some green words, encourage them to use "fred" talk to read the words.

Writing Letters – Letter formation

Here is a list of the letter sounds and their rhymes to support letter formation:

a - Round the apple down the leaf (apple)

b - Down the laces to the heel, round the toe (Boot)

c - Curl around the caterpillar (caterpillar)

d - Round his bottom up his tall neck and down to his feet (dinosaur)

e - Lift off the top and scoop out the egg (egg)

f - Down the stem, and draw the leaves (flower)

g - Round her face down her hair and give her a curl (girl)

h - Down the head to the hooves and over his back (horse)

i - Down his body, and dot for his head (insect)

j - Down his body curl and dot (jack-in-the box)

k - Down the kangaroo’s body, tail and leg (kangaroo)

l - Down the long leg (leg)

m - Down Maisie, over the mountain over the mountain (Maisie and mountains)

n - Down Nobby, over his net (football net)

o - All around the orange (orange)

p - Down his plait and around his head (pirate)

q - Round her head, up past her earrings and down her hair (queen)

r - Down his back, then curl over his arm (robot)

s - Slither down the snake (snake)

t - Down the tower across the tower (castle tower)

u - Down and under, up to the top and draw the puddle (umbrella)

v - Down a wing, up a wing (vulture)

w - Down up down up (worm)

x - Down the arm and leg and repeat the other side (Exercise)

y - Down a horn up a horn and under his head (yak)

z - Zig-zag-zig (zip)

Resource for home use

Read Write Inc. Phonics: More Phonics Flashcards


We do not normally recommend buying flashcards for home use. However, we make an exception with these.  They are great cards linked to the phonics scheme we use in school. They can be purchased on Amazon.


If you would like more support on phonics, please visit the link below

On the links below you can watch some videos that will teach you everything you need to know about phonics:

Understanding Phonics

Sound Guide

Teaching a Set 1 Sound

Two Letters One Sound

Teaching blending

Independent Blending 

Additional Resources:

Parents Phonics Information: phonics and read write vocabulary

Parents Phonics Information: phonics set 1 sound mat

Parents Phonics Information: Pure Sounds Guide

Parents Phonics Information: phonics sound list and rhymes